Detoxification is a critical first step on the road to recovery after an abusive situation such as drug abuse or alcoholism. Through this crucial stage of treatment, therapists and medical staff will work closely with the individual to rid the individual of toxic substances, while still managing the emotional and physical discomforts which may arise during the process. However, detoxification can be a dangerous process for some individuals, causing serious side effects including death. Proper instructions should be followed for best results.
In cases where the patient is unable to attend detoxification sessions by a trained physician or nurse, they should be referred to a community-based hospital or health clinic in their area. There, medical staff will administer the detox medications, under the supervision of a physician. These medications can include either IV sedation or the more popular subliminal methods, which are more effective for lessening the craving to return to drug abuse. Once the medication has been administered, the patient should be allowed to rest until the first report of results is available. If the first consultation indicates drug abuse or addiction, the patient should be held in the facility until the medical staff determines that the patient is safe to return home.
Detoxification can be done in one of two ways; through intravenous, or orally, means of medication. Intravenous detoxification is done by giving the individual drugs through the vein, and in many cases, this results in mild to moderate side effects like muscle aches, nausea, vomiting, cold chills, diarrhea, sweating and headaches. While oral detoxification usually occurs through a pill or capsule, it may also be done in a form of liquid, such as syrup mixture. Individuals who have taken medications to deal with addiction may find it difficult to return to a drug-free lifestyle, which is why it is important to attend a detox program in order to curb any potential addiction to returning to old habits. Once clean, individuals can go back to living their normal, drug-free lifestyle, which can help them maintain recovery and lead a healthy lifestyle in the future.